Chinese| English| Japanese| Korean
Scenic Area Introduction
Deng’s Life Story
Scenic Spot Introduction
Heritage Photos
Tour Guide
Tour Notes

Introduction of Deng Xiaoping’s Life Story

       In the epic story of Chinese nation striving to greatness in the 20th century, there's always a name attracting worldwide attention ----- Deng Xiaoping. His destiny is seamlessly connected to the destiny of Chinese people and Chinese nation, he had been striving for over 70 years for the cause of communism, as well as the independence, unification, construction and reform of the country. His life is fully of colorful stories and legends. He not only changed China, but also influenced the world. In current days when the entire party is widely developing the educational activities of maintaining the advancement of communist party members, sincerely cherishing the memory of the legendary life of Comrade Deng Xiaoping has special significance for the broad party members to thoroughly know the Chinese revolutionary history, the Chinese Communist Party history, to have deeper understanding of the Deng Xiaoping theory, to further consolidating the idea and faith, and to practice the “Three Represents Theory”. Let us go along with the spectacular life history of Comrade Deng Xiaoping to jointly feel the history of the past 100 years and to jointly appreciate the extraordinary life of the great man.
       On August 22, 1904, Deng Xiaoping was born in the Deng family courtyard in the Paifang Village, Xiexing Township (currently Xiexing Town of Guang’an City), Guang’an County in Sichuan Province. Deng Xiaoping was formerly named Deng Xiansheng, he was the oldest son of the family, and had three younger brothers, one older sister and two younger sisters. In 1909, Deng Xiaoping of 5 years old began to study in the old-style private school in the imperial academy. The master in the old-style private school believed that his name “Xiansheng” is lack of respect to the Confucius, so changed his name to Deng Xixian. From that time on, he used this name for 18 years.
       China in the late 19th century and early 20th century was in the big upheaval and grand reform era, the gunships from the imperialism nations blew off China’s gate, and made China drowning in the deep abyss of semi-colonial and semi-feudal society. In 1919, the May Fourth Patriotic Movements that was against imperialism and feudalism was erupted in Beijing. During the period, students in Guang’an established the student patriotic association, Deng Xiaoping who was studying in Guang’an County Middle School participated in the activities of boycotting Japanese goods, parade and students strike along with his classmates. Those activities had important influence on Deng Xiaoping’s course of life.
       After the May Fourth Movements, China had the wave of studying in France on work-study basis. Under the promotion of Wu Yuzhang who is a member of Chinese Revolutionary League and a revolutionist, Chongqing established the preparatory school for studying in France. In the autumn of 1919, Deng Xiaoping was admitted in the Chongqing Preparatory School for Studying in France. After one year of study, he and his over 80 classmates left Sichuan from Chongqing Chaotianmen Dock along the Yangtze River, passed Shanghai and went to France for studying and working. At that time, all Deng Xiaoping thought about was to learn something outside, he didn’t expect that he never come back after it.
       In September, 1920, Deng Xiaoping and his classmates started the journey from Shanghai, took the Cruise Ship of Antepenla, after 49 days of hard trip, they arrived at the Port of Marseille of France in October, and later went to Paris. With the assistance by China-France Educational Association, Deng Xiaoping studied in the Bajer Middle School in Normandy. Due to economic difficulty, he only studied several months in the school and spent most of his time working in factories. In March, 1921, Deng Xiaoping couldn’t afford the tuition fee, and had to give up studying and left Bajer Middle School. Later, Deng Xiaoping worked as mill man, shoemaking worker and bench worker in the Schneider Rolling Mill, Hutchinson Rubber Factory and Renault Car Factory. Deng Xiaoping later said that he was short because he did too much heavy labor when he was young. France at that time was not exactly a heaven that many Chinese youth looked forward to, Europe after the First World War had economic recession, and many demobilized soldiers came back to hometowns, which enabled the unemployment rate in France to rise, staying in France for studying means dropping out of school, unemployment and hunger. Like many other Chinese students, Deng Xiaoping deeply experienced the hardship of life and also felt the cruelty of capitalism exploitation there. Under the influence of Russian October Socialism Revolution, he and a batch of advanced Chinese students began to accept Marxism. In 1922, Deng Xiaoping joined the Chinese Youth Communist Party in Europe (later changed into “Chinese Socialism Youth League European Department”), and changed into Chinese Communist Party Member in 1924. Since then, Deng Xiaoping walked on the pass of a professional proletarian revolutionist, and became a communism fighter with firm faith. During the period, he also worked as an editor of Red Light magazine. Due to the excellent work, he won the title of “Doctor Printing”. He was engaging revolutionary activities while working, their party activities attracted close attentions from the French police. Since June, 1925, the name of Deng Xixian had been frequently appearing on the files of French police. On January 8, 1926, the French Police Bureau searched Deng Xiaoping’s residence. Fortunately, in the evening of January 7th, Deng Xixian and his 19 comrades had heard the information and alertly left France in secrete. Where did they go? They went to Moscow, the hometown of October Revolution, they had systematic studying of revolution theories in Zhongshan University. Studying in here had established more solid theoretical foundation and fighting basis for his revolutionary activities and revolutionary struggles after going back to China. In an autobiography wrote in Moscow, Deng Xixian wrote that “when I work in the party activities in Western Europe, I often felt the lack of capability, and often made mistakes, so I always had the determination for studying in Russia”, “I increasingly feel that my study in Communism is too shallow”, therefore, as long as I stay in Russia for one day, I will work hard to study for one day, I must have considerable recognition on Communism. When I came to Moscow, I had made up my mind, which is to devote myself to our party and to our class. From now on, I’m willing to absolutely accept the party’s trainings, listen to the party’s directing, and always fight for the interests of the proletariat.” This is the combat oath took by Deng Xixian, the young communism fight who just turned into twenty. He realized his oath with his decades of revolutionary struggle practices.
       In 1926, it was the peak period of the first cooperation between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party of China, they made the Northern Expedition against the imperialism feudal warlords. In the end of that year, Deng Xixian and other over twenty communist party members returned to China under the dispatch of the party. In the Xi’an Zhongshan Military School of Feng Yuxiang’s division, he worked as the political department director. However, just in several months, the situation had changed. Chiang Kai-shek publicly betrayed the revolution and initiated the April Twelfth Coup. Feng Yuxiang also “politely send off” the communist party members in his division. Deng Xixian left Xi’an with anger, and went to Wuhan to attend the August 7th emergent meeting. In the August 7th meeting, Chinese Communist Members resolutely corrected the Right Capitulationism of Chen Duxiu, and determined the overall guideline of developing the agrarian revolution and the armed resistance against the Kuomintang Reactionaries. In order to adapt to the secrete environment, he changed his original name of Deng Xixian to Deng Xiaoping. After the August 7th meeting, Deng Xiaoping secretly moved to Shanghai along with the CPC central committee. In the end of that year, the 23 years old Deng Xiaoping worked as the Secretary General of the CPC Central Committee.
       After the defeat of the great revolution, in order to save the revolution, the Chinese Communist Party decided to answer the massacre policy of Kuomintang Reactionaries with armed uprising. In 1929, Deng Xiaoping was 25 years old, as the representative of the CPC Central Committee, he was sent to Guangxi to work as the Secretary of CPC Guangxi Front Line Committee, and began to independently lead the work in a region. In Guangxi, He initiated the Baise Uprising and Longzhou Uprising with Zhang Yunyi, Li Mingrui, Wei Baqun, etc, and established the seventh army and the eighth army of the Red Army as well as the Zuoyoujiang Revolutionary Base Area. Under his leadership, the red area expanded to over 20 counties with over 1 million population, and became one of the relatively large revolution base areas in China at that time.
       During the period, the party adopted the guideline of adventurism. The “Leftist-inclined” mistakes, especially mistakes in military instruction guidelines were comprehensively implemented in the revolution base areas. Due to boycotting the “Leftist-inclined” mistakes of Wang’s guideline for “attacking big cities”, Deng Xiaoping was deprived of commanding rights. Deng Xiaoping proposed different opinions on the “Leftist-inclined” mistakes, but such opinions were not adopted at that time. Later when he reported work in Shanghai, he wrote a “Work Report of the Seventh Army of the Red Army” and concluded the experiences and lessons before and after the uprisings. Later the CPC Central Committee in Shanghai transferred him to Jiangxi.
       Deng Xiaoping seems has a special connection with the land of Jiangxi, he had experienced three times of political tribulations in his life, the first time was occurred in Jiangxi, in the second time, he was sent to Jiangxi, actually his ancestral home was in Jiangxi.
       In the summer of 1931, Deng Xiaoping arrived in Jiangxi Central Revolution Base Area, and held various positions as CPC Party Secretary of Ruijin County, CPC Party Secretary of Huichang Zhongxin County, and Propaganda Minister of CPC Provincial Committee of Jiangxi. Because Deng Xiao along with Mao Zetan, Xie Weijun and Gu Bo implemented the correct path represented by Mao Zedong, and against the “City Center Theory” and against the “Leftist” land distribution policy, the interim CPC Central Committee that implemented the “Leftist-inclined” path at that time developed the struggle against Deng, Mao, Xie and Gu, so Deng Xiaoping was sacked by the “Leftist-inclined” party leader at that time, and received the punishment in the party for the last serious warning. This was the first setback in Deng Xiaoping’s political life. 。Later, under the warm help by Wang Jiaxiang, the director of the Political Department, Deng Xiaoping was transferred to the General Political Department of Red Army, the “Doctor Printing” that edited the Red Light magazine ten years ago held chief editor position again for the Red Star Paper. During the period between August, 1933 to 1935 before the Zunyi Meeting was held, Deng Xiaoping presided in editing and printing over 70 periods of Red Star paper, which played great role in enhancing the political awareness and raising the military combat level of the military. Especial during the Long March, the Red Star paper almost become the spiritual food of the broad Red Army, which encouraged the morale, stimulated the fighting spirit and increased the confidence in the victory of revolution. In October, 1934, due to the defeat in the fifth “anti-encirclement”, the Central Red Army had to leave the Southern Base Area and started the Long March. Deng Xiaoping joined the Long March along with the army, and attended the Zunyi Meeting, which has great and turning significance in the history of Chinese Communist Party. This meeting confirmed the correct leadership of the new central committee represented by Mao Zedong.
       In July, 1937, the Anti-Japanese War erupted, facing big enemy, the Kuomintang and Chinese Communist Party realized the second cooperation. In August, Mao Zedong, Zhu De and Zhou Enlai signed the "Order of Central Revolutionary Military Committee”, which reformed the Chinese Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army into the Eighth Route Army of the National Revolutionary Army (later became the 18th Group Army). Deng Xiaoping held the position as the Deputy Director of the Political Department of the Eighth Route Army, and later held the position as the Political Commissar of No.129 Division. Liu Bocheng held the position as the commander of No.129 Division, since that year, Liu and Deng started their 13 years long cooperation, and made deep battle companion friendship during the fighting side by side, the “inseparable Liu and Deng” became a much-told story ever since. Liu and Deng led the No.129 Division to go deep in the behind of the Japanese occupation area, with Taihang Mountain as the center, and based on the mountain area, they developed to the plain area and had a series of combats, including the famous “Great Campaign with One Hundred Regiments”, those combats seriously removed the arrogance of the Japanese army and puppet army.
       In October, 1943, Deng Xiaoping held the interim position as the Secretary of the North China Bureau of CPC Central Committee, and took in charge of the work in the headquarter of the Eighth Route Army. He on one hand led the army to crush the frequent “Mopping-Up Campaigns" of the Japanese Army and Puppet Army, and on the other hand led the entire area to undertake the activities of party construction, army construction and political construction, as well as the campaigns of rectification, military and administrative downsizing, reducing rent and interest, and great production. It can be said that the period of Taihang Mountain is the most important period for Deng Xiaoping to become a mature statesman.
       By the end of the Anti-Japanese War, the four base areas created by Deng Xiaoping and Liu Bocheng, including Taihang, Taiyue, Jinan, and Jiluyu, had basically connected together and became the largest liberated area in China.
       In August, 1945, Japan surrendered, the extremely hard and bitter “Eight Years Anti-Japanese War” ended. People were celebrating their victory, but Chiang Kai-Shek started the civil war again, China was facing the choice between two destinies and two futures.
       In October, Liu Bocheng and Deng Xiaoping successfully directed the Shangdang and Pinghan campaigns, which strongly coordinated the Chongqing Negotiation and promoted the signing of the Truce Agreement between Kuomintang and Chinese Communist Party. After the full-scale civil war erupted, the Liu-Deng Army fought with the Kuomintang Army for nine times in the south and north Longhai Road, and won the nine battles in a row, which created the awe-inspiring reputation of the Liu-Deng Army. In 1947, Mao Zedong decided not to wait for the complete crushing of Kuomintang’s key attacks, but immediately turn to strategic counteroffensive by using main force to reach the outer line and bring war to the Kuomintang Areas. Who should be selected for the heavy task for breaking through to the outer line? Mao Zedong chosen the Liu-Deng Army, he ordered the Liu-Deng Army to make up mind in giving up the behind, and walking out of the Dabie Mountain in half month. In the late night of June 30, 1947, the 120 thousand soldiers of Liu-Deng Army forced through the Yellow River with barrier in the front and chasing enemies in the back, they fought their way out and marched towards Dabie Mountain for over one thousand Lis, since then they revealed the curtain of the strategic offensive by the People’s Liberation Army.
       Pushing the battlefront from the Yellow River area to the north bank of Yangtze River, making the Central China from the important rear for the Kuomintang Army to attack the liberated area become the battle field for the People’s Liberation Army to obtain national victory. It drove the strategic offensive of various battlefields across China. The overall situation of war had fundamental change thereafter.
       In the autumn of 1948, the three major campaigns of Liaosheng, Huaihai and Pingjin that was described by Chinese and foreign historians as “the Century Decisive Battles of China” revealed their curtain, Huaihai Campaign was a typical example in the Chinese and foreign war history that the minority overtake the majority, Chiang Kai-shek assembled nearly 800 thousands of troops, while the participating troops of the People’s Liberation Army only had 600 thousands soldiers, and the Kuomintang Military had even bigger advantage in the weapons and equipments. However, under the wise leadership of the General Front Committee with Deng Xiaoping as the Secretary, after 66 days of battles, 555 thousand of enemies were defeated, the People’s Liberation Army had completed victory in the Huaihai Campaign. Mao Zedong later told Deng Xiaoping and others, the Haihai Campaign was well fought, it’s like a pot of half-cooked rice, which is not thoroughly cooked yet, but you eat all of it bite by bite.
       In March, 1949, according to the order the Chairman Mao and General Commander Zhu De for marching towards the entire country, the General Front Committee with Deng Xiaoping as secretary commanded the Second and Third Field Armies to launch the Jinghuhang Campaign, in the night of April 20, over one million of brave People’s Liberation Army crossed the Yangtze River and broke the Yangtze River defense line of Kuomintang Army all at once, and liberated the wide areas of Nanjing, Shanghai as well as the provinces of Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, etc. The liberation of Nanjing declared the collapse of the Kuomintang’s reactionary rule. During those spectacular campaigns, Deng Xiaoping devised strategies within command tents and distinguished himself, reflecting the smartness, wisdom and great strategy as a strategist and militarist.
       In September, 1949, Mao Zedong solemnly proclaimed the establishment of the People’s Republic of China on the Tiananmen Gate Tower. Deng Xiaoping attended the Founding Ceremony as one of the founding fathers. Later, he and Liu Bocheng stepped on the march to liberate the Southwest China. They eventually chased the reactionary ruling force of Kuomintang out of Mainland China.
       After the founding of New China, Deng Xiaoping held the position as the First Secretary of the Southwest Bureau of CPC Central Committee, while he along with Liu Bocheng and He Long directed the army to swept the bandits and enemies, they focused on unite with all the people who can be united, mobilized the active factors in various aspects, promoted the unification of different peoples, smoothly completed the land reform and other social reforms, consolidated the construction of political authorities of each level, and quickly turned the turmoil situation in those areas.
       During the period in Southwest, Deng Xiaoping also did two very important works, the first was to promote the peaceful liberation of Tibet and promoted the peaceful national unification; and the second was to build the Chengyu Railway, which was the first railway built after the founding of New China, enabling the wish of Sichuan People to became reality. In July, 1952, after attending the inaugural ceremony of Chengyu Railway, he left Sichuan with his family. This time of leaving Sichuan was an important turning point in Deng Xiaoping’s political life. He was appointed to be the Vice Premier of the State Council and concurrently as the Vice Director of the Fiscal and Economic Committee, later he held the concurrent positions as the Director of the Transportation Office of State Council and the Minister of the Finance Ministry. In 1954, 50 years old Deng Xiaoping held the positions of the Secretary General of CPC Central Committee, Minister of Organization, Vice Premier of the State Council and Vice Chairman of the National Defense Committee. In the major struggle against Gao Gang and Rao Sushi’s conspiracy in splitting the party and usurping the supreme power of the party and the nation, Deng Xiaoping made significant contribution. In April, 1955 in the Fifth Plenary Session of the Seventh Central Committee of CPC, he was co-opted as member of the CPC Politburo.
       In September, 1956, Chinese Communist Party held the Eighth National Party Congress, which determined that the party and the country shall transfer their work emphasis to the economic construction. Deng Xiaoping made report on the meeting regarding modifying the party constitution, which proposed and thoroughly stated the task of the party in strengthening the self-construction under the ruling condition. In the subsequent First Plenary Session of the 8th Central Committee of CPC, 52 years old Deng Xiaoping was elected as the member of the CPC Politburo Standing Committee and General Secretary, becoming an important member of the central leadership with Mao Zedong as the core. When recommending Deng Xiaoping to be the General Secretary, Mao Zedong said that he is competent, thoughtful and fair, he is an honest man. Mao Zedong’s high opinion and appreciation on Deng Xiaoping can be seen from it, in 1959, Deng Xiaoping also held the position as member of the CPC Central Military Committee Standing Committee.
       Deng Xiaoping presided the work in the Secretariat of the Central Committee for ten years. During the period when Deng Xiaoping worked as the General Secretary, he often went deeply for investigation and research. He used to say that “it was the busiest time of my life”. Constructing socialism in such a poor and backward eastern country like China is an unprecedented historical subject, the road ahead is tough and circuitous. In September and October of 1957 during the Third Plenary Session of the 8th Central Committee of CPC, Mao Zedong changed the judgment in the “8th CPC National Congress” regarding China's socialism conflict, the party began to have “leftist inclination” on the instructive thinking. In the Second Session of the 8th CPC National Congress, the overall route of socialism construction was passed. It on one hand reflected people’s urgent wish to change the backward situation in economy and culture. Meanwhile, it also had the mistakes of ignoring the objective economic rules, appearing too anxious, blindness in seeking speed, and great leap forward. For the mistakes during the period, Deng Xiaoping admitted that he was also part of it, and can’t attribute all the mistakes in the past to Mao Zedong alone, which reflected Comrade Deng Xiaoping’s constant style of being practical.
       In February, 1962, Chinese Communist Party held the biggest Central Working Conference in history, from Central Committee Chairman to County Party Secretary, 7,118 representatives attended the meeting, which was the famous 7,000 National People’s Congress Meeting. During the meeting, Deng Xiaoping indicated that it is necessary to insist on the democratic centralism, complete the democratic life of the entire party, recover and promote the excellent traditions of the party. He stressed that “we are in office and took the power, so we need to be more careful”. In the meeting, the Communist Party reviewed their work in realistic and pragmatic spirit. At that time, how to recover agricultural production is a nationally focused issue. In July, when Deng Xiaoping meet all the comrades in the Seventh Plenary Session of the Third Central Committee of the Communist Youth League of China, he quoted a slang in Sichuan “Yellow cat, black cat, as long as it can catch mice, it’s a good cat”, which vividly pointed out that in the adjustment of rural production relations, whichever production relation that could mobilize people’s initiative should be adopted. It also stated that during forming guidelines and policies, the party shall do everything based on the reality and based on the people's fundamental interests. Regretfully, this famous remark reflecting his constant thinking of pragmatism became a major accusation of his during the Cultural Revolution. During the period when Deng Xiaoping worked as the General Secretary, he used to led the Chinese Communist Party delegation to Moscow for seven times for negotiating with the Soviet Union Communist Party, and firmly maintained the principle and stand of CPC for being independent.
       In 1966, the “Cultural Revolution” began, Deng Xiaoping was subject to wrongful persecution and deprived all the positions, he experienced the toughest and most tortuous period of his revolutionary life.
       In October, 1969, Deng Xiaoping was sent to Xinjian County of Jiangxi Province for laboring for three years. During the period, he read large amount of Marxism and Leninism classics as well as books at all times and in all over the world. The collapse of Lin Biao Group in 1971 brought a turning opportunity for the trapped Deng Xiaoping, Mao Zedong intended to let Deng Xiaoping work again.
       On April 12, 1973, after being silent for many years, Deng Xiaoping showed up in a banquet at the Great Hall of the People, media of various countries rushed to report the news. A western magazine even gave him a nickname “Unbeatable Little Man of the East”, later Deng Xiaoping resumed the position as the Vice Premier of State Council. In 1974, he systematically explained Mao Zedong’s theory regarding the dividing of the three worlds in the Sixth Special Meeting of the United Nations. During the preparation for the Fourth National People’s Congress, Mao Zedong made a comment about him as “a person of rare talent and strong political thinking”. In January, 1975, Deng Xiaoping held the positions as the Vice Chairman of CPC Central Committee, Vice Premier of the State Council, Vice Chairman of the Central Military Committee, and Chief of the General Staff of the People’s Liberation Army. After Zhou Enlai became seriously sick, under Mao Zedong’s support, Deng Xiaoping presided the daily works of the party, the nation and the army. During the presiding work period, Deng Xiaoping made vigorous efforts to turn the situation, and make extensive rectification to various fields of China. In Short period, the comprehensive rectification in the fields of military, industry, agriculture, transportation, science, education and art received prominent effect, the national situation improved significantly, and received energetic support from Zhou Enlai and others as well as the heartfelt support from people all over the country. In the beginning, Mao Zedong supported Deng Xiaoping’s work, however, Mao Zedong couldn’t tolerate Deng Xiaoping’s systematic correction of the mistakes during the “Cultural Revolution”. Mao Zedong proposed that Deng Xiaoping should preside and make a resolution about recognizing the “Cultural Revolution”. Deng Xiaoping clearly expressed that “I’m not suitable for making such resolution, I’m from the Peach Garden, 'I don’t know there’s Han, even less about Wei and Jin’”. In the end of 1975, Mao Zedong launched the so-called campaign of “Struggle against Deng and the rightist-inclined verdict reverse phenomenon”. In January, 1976, Zhou Enlai died. On April 5th, the people movement erupted at the Tiananmen Square for mourning Premier Zhou, opposing the “Gang of Four” and supporting Deng Xiaoping, the “Gang of Four” took the opportunity to make a false charge against Deng Xiaoping, and he was deprived of all the positions inside and outside the party again. Although he was knocked off again, but the comprehensive rectification led by him had prepared broad people foundation inside and outside the party for ending the “Cultural Revolution”.
       In October, 1976, after crushing the “Gang of Four”, the Chinese economy and society was still lingering under the shadow of “Cultural Revolution”. In April, 1977, although hadn’t resume the works, Deng Xiaoping wrote a letter to the CPC Central Committee, targeting on the wrong guideline of “two Whatevers” (We shall resolutely maintain whatever decision made by Chairman Mao; we shall constantly follow whatever instruction made by Chairman Mao), he proposed to use the complete and correct Mao Zedong Thought to instruct our work. In May, CPC Central Committee approved the letter and confirmed the correct opinion of Deng Xiaoping. Under the urgent requirements of the broad party members and people, and the promotion by the older generation of proletarian revolutionists, in July, the Third Plenary Session of the 10th CPC Central Committee made a resolution about resuming Deng Xiaoping’s positions as the Vice Chairman of CPC Central Committee, Vice Premier of the State Council, Vice Chairman of the Central Military Committee, and Chief of the General Staff of the People’s Liberation Army. Deng Xiaoping said that “Frankly speaking, there could be two attitudes for coming out and taking office, one is to be an official, and the other one is to do some work”. “I thought, who make you a communist member? As long as you are one, you can’t be an official, you can’t have selfish thoughts, you don’t have other choice”.
       In the third resuming, Deng Xiaoping was already 72 years old, for those common old men, what can they do at the age of 72 years old? Deng Xiaoping knew that he doesn't have too much time left, he want to devote the finite life to the infinite course of socialism and communism, he hoped to realize the fastest development of the country in fewest time.
       After resuming, Deng Xiaoping made extensive actions to set things right. He firstly started with technology and education, and used which as the breaking point to promote the other fields to set things right. In 1977, under the promotion and decision by Deng Xiaoping, China recovered the college admission examination system that was suspended for 11 years, 5.7 million young people participated in the examination in that year. In March, 1978, Deng Xiaoping made a speech in the opening ceremony of National Science Conference, he reasserted that science and technology is productivity, intellectuals are part of the worker class, which enhanced the social status of the intellectuals and extremely mobilized their passion to engage in the construction of modernization.
       He led the great ideological emancipation campaign. He stressed that pragmatism is the essence of Mao Zedong Thought, opposed the wrong opinion of “Two Whatevers”, and supported to develop the discussion about the truth criterion. The rigidness that had been locking people’s thinking was broken.
       Deng Xiaoping made a speech of “Liberating the Thinking, Being Pragmatic, Unite the People and Get Them to Look Forward” in the CPC Central Committee’s Working Meeting before the Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of CPC, he indicated that “For a party, a race and a people, if everything is based on books, have rigid thinking, and spread superstition, then it can’t move forward, its vitality will stop, then both the party and the country will collapse”. This speech was actually the keynote speech for the Third Plenary Session, and a proclamation to open new road in new period, and establish the new theory of the Socialism with Chinese Characteristics. In the subsequent Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of CPC, the overall guideline was confirmed that the party and the country is going to transfer the working focus to the economic construction, meanwhile, the meeting also confirmed Deng Xiaoping’s core status in the second generation leadership of the New China.
       Under Deng Xiaoping’s promotion, the wrongful cases were rehabilitated, the wrongful cases for the over 3 million cadres across China were rehabilitated, the excellent tradition of pragmatism was recovered and promoted. Comrade Deng Xiaoping didn’t hold on his own history and prevailed over all dissenting views by scientifically evaluating the historical status of Comrade Mao Zedong, in June, 1981, the Sixth Session of the 11th Central Committee of CPC passed the “Resolution Regarding Several Historical Issues of the Party since the Founding of the Republic” that was presided and drafted by him, which signified that the setting things right campaign on the party’s instructive thinking was basically completed.
       After the Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of CPC, China’s Reform and Opening-up entered a brand new stage. Encouraged by the spirit of “Ideology Liberation and Pragmatism” promoted by Deng Xiaoping, the rural reform, urban economic reform and political system reform as well as opening-up had been rapidly and vigorously developed.
       Deng Xiaoping indicated that “To judge the correctness of reform and each aspect of work, the bottom line is the criterion that if it’s good for develop the productivity of socialism society; if it’s good for increase the comprehensive national strength of socialism nation; and if it’s good for enhance the people's physical and cultural life. In the beginning of 1992, Deng Xiaoping reviewed Wuchang, Shenzhen, Zhuhai and Shanghai and made important speech, he concluded the basic practices and basic experiences of the reform and opening-up since the Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of CPC, clearly answered many major recognition issues that often bother and restrain people’s thinking, and furthered enriched and developed the basic theories of the party. Deng Xiaoping’s South Talks was another proclamation of thinking liberation and pragmatism that promoted the reform, opening-up and construction of modernization to the new stage. The Fourteenth National Congress of CPC held in 1992 included the Deng Xiaoping Theory in the party constitution. With the South Talks and the Fourteenth National Congress as the sign, Chinese socialism reform, opening-up and modernization construction entered the new era.
       On February 19, 1997, the old communist party member who strived for over 70 years for the development of Chinese people had left us forever. We communists striving today should take his example to walk with the time, to share the same destiny with the people, and to continuously promote the course of the socialism with Chinese characteristics, which is best commemoration to Comrade Deng Xiaoping.
       Let us listen to the sincere statement of the century great man again: “I am honored to be a world citizen by being a member of the Chinese people. I am a son of the Chinese people. I am deeply in love with my country and my people”.

Address:Deng Xiaoping Home Village Administration, Guangan, Sichuan
Tel:0826-2413858 | QQ online:1439686647,2519329886 |
Copyright © 2010-2013 Deng Xiaoping Home Village Administration All Rights Reserved. Powered By Deng Xiaoping Home Village Administration