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Scenic Area Introduction
Deng’s Life Story
Scenic Spot Introduction
The South Gate
Baihua Lake
Deng Shaochang
Deng Xiaoping’s Bronze
   Statue Square
Deng Xiaoping’s Former
   Residence Museum
The Movie Theatre at
   Deng Xiaoping Guju
   Exhibition Hall
The Old Well of the Dengs’
The Grazing Pasture
The Six Trees Scenic Spot
Deng Xiaoping's Former
The Ink-stone-washing Pond
The Cocoonery Courtyard
The Clean Water Pond
The Tombstone Scenic Spot
The Memorial Archway for
   Benevolent Rule
The Old Tree Scenic Spot
The Hanlin Academician
Heritage Photos
Tour Guide
Tour Notes

The Memorial Archway for Benevolent Rule

       100 meters away from the Tombstone stands the Memorial Archway for Benevolent Rule. The archway, too, was granted by imperial mandate in honor of the merits and virtues of Deng Shimin, progenitor of Deng Xiaoping. This is the archway that Paifang Village was name after. The original memorial archway destroyed during the Cultural Revolution, the Memorial Archway for Benevolent Rule, 12 meters high, and 10 meters wide with four pillars, three gates and triple eaves, was designed and reconstructed in place based on the original one in August, 2002.
       The Memorial Archway (another name Pailou) is a typical Chinese gate-type building. Dating from mid Spring and Autumn Period, the current style evolved from the simple gate structure with a beam over two pillars and didn’t became well developed until mid Song dynasty.
       During Ming and Qing dynasties, it was big deal to build a memorial archway, which used to be an official action controlled by the rulers at all levels, sometimes by the supreme ruler. There were even stricter requirements for building a memorial archway for benevolent rule. Only after the facts had been checked and reported level by level until examined and approved by the emperor, or when a title granted to an official’s parents alive or dead, could a memorial archway for benevolent rule be built. Even if approved, there were strict class ceiling for the specifications, for instance, the style of six pillars, five gated and eleven eaves was exclusively used for imperial mausoleums, while four pillars, three gates and seven eaves were the permissible style for subjects of the feudal rulers. However, it was an unparalleled supreme honour for a family or even for a prefecture.

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